ICO is short for Initial Coin Offering. When launching a new Claim Arbitrum cryptocurrency or crypto-token, the developers offer investors a limited number of units in exchange for other major crypto coins such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.
ICOs are amazing tools for quickly raining development funds to support new cryptocurrencies. The tokens offered during an ICO can sold and traded on cryptocurrency exchanges, assuming there is sufficient demand for them.
The Ethereum ICO is one of the most notable successes and the popularity of Initial Coin Offerings is growing as we speak.
A brief history of ICOs
Ripple is likely the first cryptocurrency distribute via an ICO. At the start of 2013, Ripple Labs began to develop the Ripple payment system. And generated approximately 100 billion XRP tokens. These were sold through an ICO to fund Ripple’s platform development.
Mastercoin is another cryptocurrency that has sold a few million tokens for Bitcoin during an ICO, also in 2013. Mastercoin aimed to tokenize Bitcoin transactions and execute smart contracts by creating a new layer on top of the existing Bitcoin code.
Of course, there are other cryptocurrencies that have been successfully fund through ICOs. Back in 2016, Lisk gathered approximately $5 million during their Initial Coin Offering.
Nevertheless, Ethereum’s ICO that took place in 2014 is probably the most prominent one so far. During their ICO, the Ethereum Foundation sold ETH for 0.0005 Bitcoin each, raising almost $20 million. With Ethereum harnessing the power of smart contracts, it paved the way for the next generation of Initial Coin Offerings.